Philippines - Universal Periodic Review - Campaign Against Illegal Drugs and Impunity - March 2022
Type: Intl Mechanism Submission
Issues: Detention, Due Process and Fair Trial, Extrajudicial Killing, Policing
Mechanism: Universal Periodic Review
Report Type: Stakeholder Report
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A central electoral promise of President
Rodrigo Duterte was to combat illegal drugs in the Philippines. State actors,
in the name of this campaign against illegal drugs, have engaged in widespread extrajudicial
killings and illegal detentions. State actors are not held responsible for
these human rights violations and victims lack access to justice. The
Philippines has also withdrawn from the Rome Statute, which may further
indicate issues associated with State impunity.
Following his 2016 presidential win, Duterte implemented Oplan Tokhang, which allowed the Philippine National Police (PNP) to round up possible suspects for possession of illegal drugs. An estimated 12,000-30,000 civilian lives have been claimed by the campaign against illegal drugs. Police operations, made legitimate under Oplan Tokhang, frequently violate citizens' constitutionally guaranteed rights. Police actions disproportionately affect the poor and working class, particularly in Metro Manila.[iiDetainees often lack due process and State parties act with impunity.