Afghanistan - Universal Periodic Review - Death Penalty - October 2023
Document: TAHR WCADP Afghanistan UPR DP FINAL.pdf (PDF 410.3 KB)
Type: Intl Mechanism Submission
Issues: Death Penalty
Mechanism: Universal Periodic Review
Report Type: Stakeholder Report
This report addresses Afghanistan's compliance with its international human rights obligations with respect to the death penalty; arbitrary and unlawful detentions; prohibition of torture and cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment; conditions of detention; and administration of justice and fair trial.
Afghanistan has not abolished the death penalty or implemented a moratorium on executions, nor has it limited the application of the death penalty to the "most serious crimes." The people under sentence of death in Afghanistan experience poor detention conditions, including torture. Further, in many cases, death sentences are issued arbitrarily, without due process, and without adherence to formal judicial procedures.
This report examines the current state of the death penalty in Afghanistan and recommends
that Afghanistan abolish the death penalty and ratify the Second Optional Protocols to the
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). This report further
recommends, in the meantime, that Afghanistan: (1) strengthen the rule of law; (2) enact
constitutional and legislative provisions directly pertaining to the death penalty, such as its
application to juveniles, and whether the death penalty is limited to the "most serious
crimes"; (3) release data and statistics and provide transparency on the number of death
sentences issued; (4) investigate use of force by law enforcement and prison staff; (5) cease
the use of torture and cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment and punishment, including in
interrogation, detention, and the method of execution; (6) improve conditions of detention;
(7) administer justice and provide fair trials; (8) promptly investigate and hold to account
those accused of torture; (9) ensure the right to food, safe drinking water and sanitation in
detention; (10) ensure medical access and treatment in detention; and (11) end
gender-based violence in detention.