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Implementation of Mongolia’s Domestic Violence Legislation

Domestic violence is a serious problem in Mongolia, where it was estimated that one in three women was a victim of domestic violence in 2010, according to an estimate by the National Center Against Violence (NCAV), headquartered in Ulaanbaater, Mongolia. Developed by The Advocates and its partner, the NCAV, this report analyzes the real-life results that followed the Mongolian government’s enactment of the Law to Combat Domestic Violence (LCDV) in 2004. The Advocates and NCAV led two fact-finding missions in January and March 2013, traveling to seven cities in Mongolia and conducting 137 interviews, including with ministry officials, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), victims, social workers, police, judges, prosecutors, lawyers, governors, and health care workers. In January 2014 the report was presented to Mongolian parliamentarians, Ministry of Justice officials, prosecutors, judges, and the U.S. ambassador to Mongolia and embassy personnel. This report presents the findings of extensive research and makes recommendations to strengthen the government’s domestic violence laws to better protect victims and hold offenders accountable. Specifically the report points to challenges obtaining restraining orders; the consequences of domestic violence not being directly addressed by penal legislation; the barriers the country’s Family Law poses to obtaining a divorce; and the results of the lack of shelters and essential social services and support. ISBN: 0-929293-73-8