Human Trafficking

Labor Protocol Guidelines: Identifying and Responding to Victims of Labor Trafficking 24 Years Old and Under (2019) The protocol guidelines are based on information collected from over 100 professionals and trafficking experts throughout Minnesota, and reflect the needs of rural, suburban, and urban communities in addressing labor trafficking. 

Safe Harbor for All Strategic Planning Process Report (2019) In 2017, the Legislature mandated a strategic planning process to explore the potential expansion of Minnesota’s Safe Harbor Act and help decide next steps in seeking the most appropriate and effective response for adults impacted by commercial sexual exploitation and sex trading. The Legislature funded a grant to the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH), which awarded the project to a three-agency team led by the University of Minnesota's Urban Research and Outreach-Engagement Center (UROC) and which included the The Advocates for Human Rights and Rainbow Research. The result —the Safe Harbor For All Strategic Planning Process—included extensive stakeholder input and review of the literature. 

Asking the Right Questions: A Human Rights Approach to Ending Trafficking and Exploitation in the Workplace (full report) (2016) Asking the Right Questions: A Human Rights Approach to Ending Trafficking and Exploitation in the Workplace documents the human rights abuses experienced by workers in Minnesota. The report identifies failures in the existing government response to trafficking and recommends steps state and federal governments can take to ensure protection of workers and prevention of trafficking.

Safe Harbor: Fulfilling Minnesota's Promise to Protect Sexually Exploited Youth (Feb. 2013) In 2011, Minnesota passed the Safe Harbor for Sexually Exploited Youth Act (Safe Harbor 2011), laying the groundwork for a victim-centered response to sexually exploited children and those at risk of sexual exploitation. Safe Harbor 2011 defined prostituted children as the victims of sexual exploitation, ended reliance on delinquency proceedings as the sole systems response to meeting the needs of these crime victims, and called for the creation of a framework for implementation of the changes to the delinquency definition, which become effective on August 1, 2014. In spite of the strong protections enshrined in the law, Safe Harbor 2011 is limited. Its provisions apply only to children age 15 and under; sex trafficking victims ages 16 and 17 are not protected. Moreover, Safe Harbor 2011 does not provide the mechanisms or the funding to implement the changes to Minnesota’s delinquency code when Safe Harbor goes into effect in 2014. Comprehensive supportive services and housing must be funded and implemented immediately so that they are available when Safe Harbor’s changes to Minnesota’s delinquency definition go into effect in 2014. Entitled No Wrong Door: A Comprehensive Approach to Safe Harbor for Minnesota’s Sexually Exploited Youth, this report analyzes Safe Harbor 2011, including the Safe Harbor Working Group process and the comprehensive approach to Safe Harbor which it developed, entitled No Wrong Door: A Comprehensive Approach to Safe Harbor for Minnesota’s Sexually Exploited Youth. In addition, this report examines Safe Harbor 2011 against international standards, federal laws, and emerging state practice related to the sexual exploitation of children to identify gaps that remain. ISBN: 0-929293-72-X

Sex Trafficking Needs Assessment for the State of Minnesota (full report); Executive Summary (Originally published Sept. 2008; revised edition Oct. 2008) Sex trafficking violates women and children’s basic human rights, including the right to be free from slavery and slavery-like practices; the right to equal protection under the law; the right to be free from discrimination based on race, nationality, and gender; and the rights to life, security of person and freedom from torture.  Governments also violate trafficked persons’ rights when they fail to prevent sex trafficking, prosecute perpetrators or provide trafficked persons with effective remedies for these violations, such as access to courts and legal immigration status. At the request of the State of Minnesota’s Human Trafficking Task Force, The Advocates for Human Rights prepared and published a needs assessment on sex trafficking in Minnesota. The report examines the government response to this issue at the local, state, tribal and federal levels; identifies facilities and services currently available to trafficking victims in Minnesota; assesses their effectiveness; and makes recom-mendations for coordinating services to better meet the needs of sex trafficking victims statewide. ISBN: 0-929293-58-4

Trafficking in Women: Moldova and Ukraine  (2000) Documents the trafficking of women for the commercial sex industry as a human rights violation in both Moldova and Ukraine. The report analyzes the mechanisms of trafficking in both countries and the NGO and governmental response to the problem, including information on Moldovan and Ukrainian law. The report also addresses the obligations of the Moldovan and Ukrainian government under international law. ISBN: 0-929293 49-5