The Advocates for Human Rights, together with the World Coalition Against the Death Penalty, submitted a suggested list of issues report related to the death penalty for the 129th Session of the Human Rights Committee. This report focuses on Iraq’s use of the death penalty.
Executions are on the rise in Iraq; from 2018 to 2019, the number of individuals executed nearly doubled. In 2019, Iraq executed at least 100 people. Crimes eligible for the death penalty include murder, arson, rape, treason, kidnapping, drug trafficking for the purposes of funding or abetting insurgency, espionage, and any charge related to terrorism. Iraq’s aggressive Anti-Terrorism law authorizes the use of the death penalty for terrorism-related charges regardless of the severity of the offense or any mitigating circumstances. For example, cooks and drivers for alleged terrorists have been put to death.
Access to adequate legal council is restricted, especially in cases related to terrorism. Defense attorneys often have overwhelming caseloads and are often absent from interrogations and court hearings. Torture and other forms of ill-treatment are commonly reported, yet judges do not have a legal mandate to follow up on such accusations.
To conclude this report, the Advocates and the World Coalition Against the Death Penalty offer a list of suggested questions to the Government of Iraq regarding the use of the death penalty. Some of these suggestions include:
The Advocates for Human Rights
330 Second Avenue South, Suite 800
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Immigrant Client Line: 612-341-9845
General Inquiries: Email us
Media Inquiries: Email