Libya ― Human Rights Council ― Women's Rights ― Sept. 2014
The Advocates for Human Rights in collaboration with Mobilising for Rights Associates (MRA) submitted a joint stakeholder report on Women’s Rights in Libya to the UN Human Rights Council for Libya’s second Universal Periodic Review (UPR).
Serious violations of women’s rights occurred during the regime of Muammar Qaddafi, the 2011 revolution, and the post-revolution transition. Women in Libya continue to face serious violations of their human rights in the forms of sexual and gender based violence, discrimination in personal status, and discrimination in the political, economic, and social fields.
At its 2010 UPR review, Libya accepted recommendations that called for a national strategy to combat discrimination against women, policies and legislation to combat violence against women, and efforts to enhance women’s participation in the social, economic, and political fields. Data gathered by MRA through consultations with 40 Libyan NGOs demonstrates that Libya has not met its obligations to implement these recommendations. Libya has taken some steps towards promoting women’s rights by drafting a bill on rape and violence against women, prohibiting and criminalizing discrimination based on gender in the Draft Constitutional Declaration, and in passing Law No. 20 of 2013. However, after the 2011 revolution, the transitional government limited women's rights by passing a law that sanctions impunity for serious human rights violations, including sexual offenses, overturning a law to reduce polygamy, and allowing policies that curtail women's freedom to engage in public life. Widespread discrimination and gender-based violence, including sexual assault, remain a concern. Women who are human rights activists, journalists, and politicians have been increasingly harassed, intimidated, attacked, and killed by militias.
This stakeholder submission makes recommendations, including that Libya:
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