The Advocates for Human Rights, together with the World Coalition Against the Death Penalty, submitted a joint stakeholder report on the death penalty in Republic of the Maldives for the 36th Session of the Universal Periodic Review in May 2020.
The Maldives has had a de facto moratorium on the death penalty for more than 60 years. In 2016, the government of then-President Abdulla Yameen announced that the Maldives would resume executions. As of October 2019, however, there have been no reports of executions. The Penal Code of the Maldives and the Prevention of Terrorism Act of 1990 allows the death penalty for more than the most severe crimes, largely due to a broad definition of terrorism. Despite explicit laws prohibiting arbitrary arrest and ensuring an independent judiciary, the government has not properly enforced these laws. The Maldives has also failed to implement measures to improve detention conditions and prevent torture, as recommended by several countries.
Recommendations to the Maldives include:
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