Seeing signs of progress for LGBTIQ+ rights in Côte d’Ivoire
Today is the International Day Against Homophobia, Transphobia, and Biphobia, or IDAHOT. Today at The Advocates we take stock of our progress over the past year to advance LGBTIQ+ rights and what lies ahead.
One highlight of the past year was working with Alternative Côte d'Ivoire, an Ivoirian non-governmental organization committed to the fight for the rights of sexual minorities and to combatting HIV/AIDS. We first connected with Alternative CI after they prepared a stakeholder report for the 3rd Universal Periodic Review of Cote d'Ivoire. They were eager to learn what they should do with the report.
Lobbying at the United Nations
Starting in November 2018, we collaborated with Alternative CI to condense their report into a "one-pager" to use for lobbing, identified dozens of countries to target for our lobbying efforts, and provided them with advice about approaching embassies in Abidjan to seek their support.
In March, Philippe from Alternative CI was able to join us and our team of volunteers in Geneva to continue that advocacy. He participated in our half-day training and then hit the ground running, reaching out to delegates to the UN Human Rights Council and participating in meetings to share what is happening on the ground in the country.
As Alternative CI highlighted in its stakeholder report, even though LGBTIQ+ status or conduct is not criminalized, people face discrimination and violence based on sexual orientation and gender identity. This violence and discrimination comes from private parties as well as officials, including police officers and health care workers.
Philippe joined our partners from United Oromo Voices and Human Rights in Democracy Center (Albania) to present in a parallel event during the Council session. Several government representatives attended the event to learn more about the types of recommendations Alternative Côte d'Ivoire would like them to make during the UPR's interactive dialogue.
Hard work pays off
Just last week, we had the chance to witness the fruits of Philippe's hard work. The Council held its interactive dialogue with representatives of the government of Côte d'Ivoire on Tuesday, May 7. During the interactive dialogue, 101 countries offered a total of 251 recommendations to Côte d'Ivoire. Nine countries we lobbied-Argentina, Australia, Chile, the Czech Republic, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, the Netherlands, and the United States-made recommendations specifically addressing LGBTI rights. It was a huge victory. By way of comparison, during Côte d'Ivoire's 2nd UPR in 2014, just 3 countries raised the issue of LGBTIQ+ rights.
Tripling the number of recommendations turned up the heat on the government. During the interactive dialogue, the Ivoirian government felt compelled to respond. The head of the delegation stated, "Our position is unchanged since our previous UPR, and therefore no measures have been taken or are intended to be taken regarding LGBTIQ+ individuals. But our legislation does not make sexual orientation subject to punishment." It was a big step, however, for the government even to speak those words at the Human Rights Council. In 2014, the government delegation was completely silent on the issue.
Ivoirian Government responds
As part of the UPR process, all of the recommendations from the interactive dialogue are transcribed and compiled into an official document called the Report of the Working Group. The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights publishes those recommendations two days after the interactive dialogue, and then the government has approximately 4 months to respond to each recommendation. For each recommendation, governments have two options: accept or "note" (reject).
Many governments take the full four months to read the recommendations carefully and decide what to do. But some governments, including Côte d'Ivoire, act quickly and respond to most of the recommendations before OHCHR publishes the Report of the Working Group.
Côte d'Ivoire said it needed more time to consider just 24 of the 251 recommendations. It accepted 219 recommendations and summarily "noted" just 24. But all of the 9 recommendations on LGBTIQ+ rights were among the noted recommendations.
That the government should decide so quickly to reject all of those hard-fought recommendations stung. But then we looked more closely at the recommendations and saw the absurdity of the government's position. The government rejected Iceland's recommendation to "ensure that law enforcement officers comply with laws protecting the rights of LGBTIQ+ individuals." Did the government of Côte d'Ivoire really not want to promise that police officers would follow existing law? And it rejected the United States' recommendation to "investigate allegations of violence and serious levels of discrimination targeting LGBTIQ+ persons." Did the government really think authorities should bury their heads in the sand if they receive a report alleging anti-LGBTIQ+ violence?
It became clear that the Ivoirian government didn't even read the nine recommendations. It simply rejected any recommendation that referenced sexual orientation, gender identity, or the acronym LGBTIQ+. Even Cameroon - a country that criminalizes consensual same-sex conduct and actively prosecutes people on suspicion they are LGBTIQ+ - had accepted a recommendation from Belgium to "investigate police violence that took place on persons because of their actual or perceived gender identity."
A silver lining?
Looking over the recommendations more carefully, we discovered a few openings. Côte d'Ivoire accepted a recommendation from Jordan to "provide training to all actors in promoting and protecting human rights," and a similar recommendation from Mexico to "implement human rights training programs for personnel of institutions involved in security and justice in the country."
We had lobbied for training for police officers and health care workers on LGBTIQ+ rights. Perhaps Alternative CI can get involved in these trainings and ensure that they include some lessons on LGBTIQ+ rights.
Moving forward on IDAHOT
On this IDAHOT, we are looking forward to a future in Côte d'Ivoire and throughout the world where governments take seriously their obligation to respect, protect, and fulfill the rights of LGBTIQ+ persons. We're looking forward to collaborating with Alternative Cote d'Ivoire on an alternative report on the rights of lesbians, bisexual women and trans women for the upcoming review of Côte d'Ivoire by the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women. And we will persist in pressing the Ivoirian government to uphold its obligations under international human rights treaties to protect people from violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. We're in it for the long haul, and with hard-working partners like Alternative Côte d'Ivoire, we know that we will see results.
To learn more about The Advocates' work on LGBTIQ+ rights, click here: https://www.theadvocatesforhumanrights.org/lgbti_rights.
To learn more about UN advocacy, click here: https://www.theadvocatesforhumanrights.org/Res/chapter_9.pdf.
If your organization would like to collaborate with The Advocates on UN advocacy or other projects, fill out this form: https://www.theadvocatesforhumanrights.org/partner.