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Belize - Universal Periodic Review - Death Penalty - July 2023

Date: July 18, 2023
Country: Belize
Type: Intl Mechanism Submission
Issues: Death Penalty
Mechanism: Universal Periodic Review
Report Type: Stakeholder Report
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This report addresses Belize's compliance with international human rights obligations with respect to the death penalty, excessive use of the force, and detention conditions. The report also provides recommendations to address these issues, especially the death penalty, in Belize. 

Belize carried out its last execution on 1985 and maintaina de facto moratorium on executions. Belize's last sentence was handed down in 2005, and by 2023, there are no longer any individuals on death row. The Supreme Court of Belize overturned the death sentence of the last individual remaining on death row in July 2015, finding its imposition in his case unconstitutional. In 2017 the Belize criminal code was amended to eliminate a mandatory death sentence for murder. Instead, the current legislation authorizes sentence of either the death penalty or life imprisonment for murder.

This report recommends, among others, that Belize abolish the death penalty, ensure a fair and speedy trial for all persons suspected of committing crimes, guarantee equal protection under the law, and bring detention standards into compliance with international human rights standards.